A crypto address is a string of characters that represents a specific wallet on the blockchain. It is similar to a bank account, and also referred to as a public key.
The distribution of cryptocurrency tokens to the wallets of users. Airdrops are usually organized by blockchain-based startups, and they reward users with tokens in exchange for publicity (usually in the form of social media interaction).
ATH is short for All-Time High. It refers to the highest historical price of a cryptocurrency.
ATL is short for All-Time Low. It refers to the lowest historical price of a cryptocurrency.
AML is a set of laws and regulations meant to prevent the laundering of money obtained from illegal activities.
An API is a code that allows one application to pull data/information from another. For example, if we were to display the weather in our platform’s dashboard, an API would give us access to that data directly.
An ASIC (Application-Specific Integrated Circuit) is a processing chip created with a specific purpose. In the case of cryptocurrencies, that purpose is mining.
In the trading world, arbitrage refers to the process of buying and selling cryptocurrencies over different markets to make a profit from the price difference.
An ASIC-resistant cryptocurrency is a coin whose protocol blocks (or renders useless) the usage of ASIC miners.
The practice of comparing business processes and performance against industry best practices in order to determine the quality of the tested product/business.
Commonly known as records, bitcoin blocks are files that contain information on transactions. Together, all the blocks form the blockchain.
The blockchain is digital ledger which holds information on all the transactions of a cryptocurrency.
A bounty is a reward offered by a business or an individual to encourage users to perform certain promotional tasks. These usually include reviewing a product in a video or a blog post, or interacting with the business' social channels.
A buy wall is a concept that describes the situation when a wealthy trader or group (commonly known as whales) performs a huge buy order or multiple large buy orders at the same price. This action is done in order to control the market and set the buying price of a currency at a desired value.
A candidate block is a block that a miner is trying to mine in order to receive the block reward.
A CPU is the central core of every device (computer, smartphone, or tablet). The CPU handles the basic operations of a device, and allocates the more complex ones to other components.
Circulating supply represents the total number of units a specific cryptocurrency makes publicly available at the moment.
The cloud is a network of servers that runs on the Internet (instead of locally) and that is used as a storage point for data.
Cloud mining represents the usage of a remote data center with shared processing power in order to mine Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies. The processing power is owned, maintained, and contracted to customers by mining companies. Customers are able to register and buy contracts and mine a coin without investing in their own mining infrastructure.
Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) is an independent agency of the US government that is charged with regulating futures and options markets.
A cryptocurrency is a form of digital currency that uses strong cryptographic technology to ensure the security of financial transactions and control the creation of new units. A cryptocurrency is usually designed to work as a unit of account, a store of value, and a medium of exchange. In some cases, it can also be a digital representation of an asset.
A dapp (decentralized application) is an application that runs on a distributed network of computers instead of a single central computer.
A DEX (decentralized exchange) is a cryptocurrency exchange that operates without a central authority, allowing peer-to-peer trading of cryptocurrencies.
A Design Flaw Attack is an attack in which a user purposely uses a software or a network with knowledge of certain flaws, so he can later exploit them for malicious actions.
A Divergence represents a moment in which the price of an asset and a certain technical indicator are heading in opposite directions.
DYOR (Do Your Own Research) is a crucial advice in the crypto world. Always do your own research; don’t just follow what the others say.
DCA (Dollar Cost Averaging) is the act of investing fixed amounts of money (dollars) over a period of time, regardless of the price of the asset.
Eclipse Attack represents a situation in which the majority of a network’s users are malicious and monopolize the network in order to abuse it for their own benefit.
ERC-20 is a technical standard used to issue and implement tokens on the Ethereum blockchain.
ERC-721 is a free, open standard that explains how to build unique tokens on the Ethereum blockchain.
Falling Knife is the action of purchasing an asset while its value is declining, with hopes that the price will rise after a while.
In the cryptocurrency market, a faucet it’s an app or a website based on a reward system, giving away small units of crypto coins. The users can obtain the rewards from claiming, completing a captcha, or a task described on the website. The most popular faucets are based on Satoshi (for Bitcoin) and Wei (for Ethereum).
Finality is the assurance of guarantee that completed (cryptocurrency) transactions cannot be altered, reversed or canceled.
The Flappening is the event in which Litecoin (LTC) surpasses Bitcoin Cash (BCH) in market cap.
The Flippening is the event in which Ethereum (ETH) surpasses Bitcoin (BTC) in market cap.
Forced Liquidation represents the involuntary sale of assets or securities to create liquidity.
A Full Node is a program that completely validates transactions and blocks, fulfilling the attributions of a miner.
Gas is a unit used on the Ethereum network to measure the computational work of running transactions and smart contracts.
Gas Limit represents the maximum amount of gas a user is willing to spend on a particular transaction.
Genesis Block is the first block to be recorded on a specific blockchain. Also referred to as Block 0.
Halving is the event in which the block reward of a crypto asset, such as Bitcoin, drops to one-half of what it was before; this is used to create a decaying rate of insurance to arrive at an eventual finite supply of a crypto asset.
Hard Cap is the maximum amount of funds a project aims to raise during their funding campaign (ICO/IEO/STO).
Hard Fork is a radical change to a network’s protocol, a modification in a previous block that requires all nodes or users to upgrade to the latest version. The hard fork creates a permanent divergence from the previous version of the blockchain, creating a new path that continues along with the old path.
The values returned by hash function. Also known as hash values, hash codes, or digests. Contrary to popular belief, in the crypto world, hashes have nothing to do with hash browns.
Hash Function is the process where a computer takes an input of data (generally transactions) and with the help of a mathematical formula turns it into an alpha-numeric string of characters.
Hash Rate is the speed at which a mining rig is able to calculate new hashes, generally measured in seconds.
HTLC (Hashed TimeLock Contract) refers to a special feature that is used to create smart contracts that are able to modify payment channels.
An ICO (Initial Coin Offering) is a token sale organized by a start-up in order to raise funds for the project.
An IEO (Initial Exchange Offering) is a token sale organized by a start-up with the help of an exchange platform.
An IPO (Initial Public Offering) represents the moment when a company starts selling its shares to the public.
The Mainnet is the blockchain where the transactions are being made, verified, and recorded. The main network.
Market Capitalization represents the total trading value of a crypto coin, calculating by multiplying the supply of tokens with the current price.
Masternode is a PC wallet or crypto coin node that is used as a Proof-of-Service algorithm to protect a real-time copy of the blockchain.
Merged Mining represents the process of allowing two different cryptocurrencies to be mined simultaneously.
Merkle Tree is a structure that allows for the efficient and secure verification of content in a large body of data. Also known as a hash tree.
Metadata represents data that is included in the blockchain, other than specific transactions.
Mining represents the verification of transactions on a blockchain network, in which transactions are added as entries into the blockchain ledger.
A Mining Farm is a group of miners housed in a single location, dedicated to mining cryptocurrencies.
A Node is a point in the blockchain network. All the nodes on the network are connected to one another and ensure its integrity.
APaper Wallet is a piece of paper that acts as a wallet, holding the public and private keys of a user.
P2P (Peer-to-Peer) refers to a network of computers that are connected to each other via the internet, allowing them to directly share files between them.
Also referred to as a stablecoin, a pegged currency is a currency that has a value fixed to a designated asset. For example, 1 stablecoin = 1 USD.
Phishing represents an attack where an ill-intended party will attempt to obtain the credentials of users so he can gain access to their accounts.
Plasma is an off-chain solution that tries to increase the performance of the Ethereum network by creating a tree-like structure of numerous smaller chains.
Also known as a Pyramid Scheme, the Ponzi Scheme is a fraud where the new investor’s funds are used to pay previous investors.
In asymmetric encryption, it represents a secret code used to encrypt and decrypt data. The private key is known only by its owner and works much like a PIN or a password.
Private Sale is an early investment stage targeted only to strategic partners and investors.
POS (Proof of Stake) is a mechanism that rewards users who validate blocks based on the amount of coins they stake.
POW (Proof of Work) is a mechanism that rewards users who validate blocks by using pure computational power to decrypt their hash value.
Race Attack represents the attempt to make two transactions using the same funds at the same time.
Ransomware is a malicious attack that takes over a user’s computer, locks his system, and threatens to delete all of his data unless a ransom is paid.
RSI (Relative Strength Index) is a technical indicator that rates the historical strength or weakness of a stock or a market, based on the closing prices of a recent trading period.
ROI (Return on Investment) is a measure used to evaluate the efficiency of an investment. ROI is calculated by dividing the net profit of an investment by the cost of the investment.
The roadmap is a map that displays the short and long term goals of a business within a timeline.
A Security Token is a crypto token that usually derives its value from a tradable asset. The security tokens are subjected to federal securities and regulations.
SegWit (Segregated Witness) is a process that separates transaction signatures from Bitcoin transactions, increasing the size limit of a block.
Sell Wall is a concept that describes the situation when a wealthy trader or group (commonly known as whales) performs a huge sell order or multiple large sell orders at a specific price. This action is done in order to control the market and prevent sell orders from executing at a higher price than the desired value.
A Smart Contract is a computer protocol intended to digitally facilitate, verify, or enforce the negotiation or performance of a contract. Smart contracts allow the performance of credible transactions without third parties.
Soft Fork refers to a change in a network’s protocol, a modification in a previous block that requires only a majority of nodes or users to upgrade to the latest version in order to validate it. The soft fork creates a temporary divergence from the previous version of the blockchain. The previous version doesn’t continue on a separate path, and the users who don’t upgrade remain in orphan blocks.
Source Code is a computer code responsible for defining how a software works based on a list of instructions.
Stablecoin is a cryptocurrency designed to offer little volatility and maintain price stability. Stablecoins are usually backed by a reserve asset, fiat money, or exchange-traded commodities.
Staking is the process of assigning a certain amount of coin to validate new blocks in a POS consensus mechanism with the goal of gaining cryptocurrency rewards as transaction fees.
A Staking Pool is a network of stakeholders that assigned coins together to validate new blocks.
A Store of Value represents a commodity, currency, or asset with low volatility that can be traded at a future date without depreciation.
A Supply Chain is a network of people and companies involved in a business relationship that leads to the creation and distribution of a final product.
The Testnet is a testing network for a decentralized project, which allows testing of experimental features.
Token Lockup means setting a time period in which the tokens or coins are not allowed to be sold or transferred, in order to prevent a drastic fall of the token price which happens shortly afterward the crowdsale.
Token Sale is a means of fundraising for cryptocurrency projects by trading a token for cryptocurrency before it reaches the final stage and goes on the mainnet.
The Total Supply represents the total amount of tokens or coins that are either circulating or being locked.
TXID (Transaction ID) is a transaction identification code used for determining transactions in the blockchain. It’s also referred as transaction hash.
UX (User Experience) refers to the affective, experiential, meaningful, practical and valuable aspects of human-computer interaction in order to improve the user's satisfaction with a product by focusing on its usability.
UI (User Interface) refers to the human-computer interaction and communication in a device. It ensures that the product looks good, and users can understand at a glance what every element does.
The Virtual Machine is an emulation of a computer system designed to provide the features of a computer architecture.
A Wallet is a software program that stores the public and private keys. They function a lot like a bank account, allowing the user to track the balance and make transactions, all from one place.